會計評論  2021/01
會計評論第七十二期 (Vol.72)     119-177
DOI:DOI: 10.6552/JOAR.202101_(72).0004  
立法委員持股對企業獲取公股銀行貸款有助益嗎?  
Do Stock Ownership by Members of the Legislature Benefit Firms to Get Government-controlled Banks’ Loans?
鍾宇軒 / 國立中正大學會計與資訊科技學系
Yu-Hsuan Chung, Department of Accounting and Information Technology, National Chung Cheng University

鍾慧芬 / 資誠聯合會計師事務所
Hui-Fen Chung, Pricewaterhouse Coopers (PwC) Taiwan

中文摘要
政治和監管環境通常容易對公股銀行帶來較大影響,本文透過2007年至2016年間臺灣上市櫃公司個別公股銀行貸款合約,探討立法委員的企業持股是否有助於公司獲取公股銀行之貸款。實證結果發現當立法委員擁有企業的股權越多時,對於公司得到公股銀行的貸款金額水準不一定有所裨益。再者,當立法委員對於企業的持股人數(持有股權)增加時,與公股銀行貸款亦呈負向關係。故本研究結果顯示企業擁有政治人物持股並不一定能夠反映出有所助益的訊號,反而是企業從事融資活動時,較難以預期的影響因素。
中文關鍵字立法委員股權;公股銀行;公股銀行貸款

英文摘要
The political and regulatory environment would usually enormously influence government-controlled banks. This study investigates whether the stock ownership by members of the legislature benefits firms to get government-controlled bank loans by examining bank loan contracts in Taiwan listed firms from 2007 to 2016. The empirical results show that firms with a higher proportion of legislators’ stock ownership do not benefit firms to get higher amounts from government-controlled bank loans. Moreover, this study finds a negative relationship between firms with increasing legislative stockholders (with increasing legislators’ stock ownership) and government-controlled bank loans. Thus, this study suggests that politician ownership might send potential disadvantaged signals and could be an unpredictable element in corporate financing activities.
英文關鍵字Legislators’ stock ownership;Government-controlled banks;Bank loans